Frost in Lucianópolis in the night to June 26th, 2011

In Lucianópolis the frosts are very rare, they do occur only every 10 to 11 year, but the damages are enormous and most of the plants do recover quickly again. By the high warmth amount in the summer in Lucianópolis they can regenerate quickly, but in Germany even the hardy exotic plants do have problems by the low warmth amount in the summer to compensate the frost damages from the past extreme winters. Snowfalls are unknown in Lucianópos and no deep frozen soils and also no continuous frost periods do occur! The winters usually are frostfree, overnight really fresh and in the daytime about 20 degrees Celsius warm.

Here the frost damages at our plants and their recovery are documented by pictures, then above the pictures the list of frost damages to complete the report.


Draceana marginata on July 29th, 2011 with severe frost damages and frozen back to the ground.

Recovery of Draceana marginata on June 28th, 2012.

Tibouchina with severe leaf and shoot damage on July 29th, 2011, the most of its species did recover again and even

flowered again.

Ravenala madagascariensis with the total leaf loss on 29th July, 2011, one part of the petioles was still green.

8Ravenala madagascariensis with slowly recovery on January 28th, 2012.

Phoenix roebellini with light leaf damages on July 29th, 2011, however exposed.

Phoenix roebellini with new leaves on January 28th, 2012.

Cocos nucifera with dead leaves on July 29th, 2011, near to die.

Cocos nucifera with new leaves on January 28th, 2012, recovers quickly

again, here at the borderline of survival like Trachycarpus fortunei in the

milder regions of Germany.

Artocarpus heterophyllus (Jackfruit) at the poultry with severe foliage damage and loss of

younger shoots on July 29th, 2011.

Another specimen of Artocarpus hebecarpus at one more sheltered place at the

fence at the hillside at the way to the pond on January 28th, 2012 with strong new

growth and even fruited much again in the southern summer of 2012/13, on the

yard of Helton in Angatuba all of jackfruit treeds died and did not recover again,

he has already removed them and planted new.

One exposed specimen of Artocarpus hepecarpus has more severe damages,

but recovers very strong from the older wood.

Butia capitata has survived the frost without any damage without protection, but it needs even in the mildest regions of

Germany heated winter protection.

Pineapple plant damaged by frost on July 29th, 2011.

Pineapple harvest in January of 2012 despite of the frost, partly yield loss.

The Bauhinia survived the frost undamaged and then flowered so as did not happened something.

The Bougainvillea survived the frost without shoot damages and flowered plentiful depite of the frost.

The hedge of Euphorbia milii on July 29th, 2011 with only light frost damages, already resprouts.

Musa 'Prata Zulú' with naked pseudostems on July 29th, 2011, has proven as cold tolerant here,

but not as hardy as Musa basjoo.

Musa 'Prata Zulú' on the Christmas Days of 2011.

The mango trees have the same damages like the jackfruit trees.

Despite of the frost there were also some ripened mango fruits at sheltered places.

Despite of the frost one inflorescence bud at one specimen of Musa 'Mysore' on July 29th, 2011, Musa 'Mysore' has proven

as relatively cold tolerant.

The whole plant, it seems to be some hardier than Musa 'Prata Zulú'.

Despite of the frost one inflorescence, here on the day of Oct. 31st, 2011, but the fruits did not mature.

But the next time could be better.

Also the second specimen of Musa 'Mysore' has recovered again.

Severly damaged recently planted specimens of the genus Howeia at the entry of the town of Lucianópolis.

Draceana marginata in the garden of our housekeeper in Lucianópolis completely undamaged

because of the sheltered place, here on the day of July 29th, 2011.

The disease resistant super banana from Embrapa on July 29th, 2011, despite of the frost one small first yield. All of the

other banana yields in our garden were frozen.

I harvested the fruits and took them to Germany where they did after-ripen.

Here the after-ripened fruits which are waiting to be eaten. Their taste remembered to Musa 'Prata'.

The super banana recovered very quickly and became the largest banana plant

in our garden, here the day of December 10th, 2011.

The huge leaves of the super banana from Embrapa on December 10th, 2011.




Frost damages in Lucianópolis after 28°F on June 26th, 2011              
0 = survived without damages            
1 = light foliage damages              
2 = medium leaf damages and shoot top damages
3 = wood damages on branches and trunks      
4 = died back to the ground and will come back from the ground
5 = dead                  
Acca sellowiana  0                
Adansonia digitata  3-4                
Allamanda cathartica  1-2                
Aloe striatula  0                
Anacardium occidentale 2-3                
Ananas comosus 1-2                
Annona cacans 1-2                
Annona montana  1-2                
Annona squamosa  1-2                
Annona tomentosa  1-2                
Araucaria angustifolia  0                
Artocarpus altilis  5                
Artocarpus heterophyllus 1-2                
Astronium sp.  1-2                
Bauhinia aculeata  0                
Bismarckia nobilis  0                
Bixa orellana  2                
Bombacopsis glabra  3-5 ein ganzer Baum am Teich ging ganz ein und wurde gefällt.        
Bougainvillea spectabilis 1                
Butia capitata  0                
Caesalpinia pulcherrima  2                
Carica papaya  1-5                
Cedrela fissilis  0                
Cinnamornum verum  2                
Citrus aurantifolia 0                
Citrus reticulata 0                
Citrus reticulata x paradisi 0                
Citrus x lemon 0                
Citrus x paradisi 0                
Citrus x sinensis 0                
Clerodendrum thomsionae 0                
Cocos nucifera  1                
Delonix regia  2-5 ein Baum ging ein            
Diospyros kaki  0                
Draceana marginata  4                
Duranta erecta  0                
Ensete maurelli 5                
Eriobotrya japonica 0                
Erythrina crista-galli  0                
Eugenia involucrata  0                
Eugenia luchynatizyana  0                
Eugenia neonitida 1                
Eugenia pyriformis 0                
Eugenia uniflora 0                
Euphorbia milii  1                
Ficus benjamina  1-2                
Ficus carica 0                
Gardenia jasminoides  0                
Grevillea banksii 0-1                
Grevillea robusta  1                
Heliconia bihai 'Lobster Claw' 3-4                
Heliconia bihai 'Nappi Peach' 3-4                
Heliconia caribaea x bihai 'Jaquinii' 3-4                
Heliconia rostrata 'Rostrata' 3-4                
Heliconia rostrata 'Ten Days' 3-4                
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis  0-1                
Hovenia dulcis 0                
Hylocereus undatus 1                
Jaracanda mimosifolia 0                
Jaracatia spinosa  5                
Lagerstroemia indica  0                
Laurus nobilis  0                
Litchi chinensis  1                
Lonicera henryi  0                
Malpighia emarginata  2-3                
Malus domestica  0                
Mangifera indica 1-2                
Manihot esculenta 2-3                
Melia azadarach  0                
Morus alba syn. indica 0                
Muntingia calabura 3                
Musa ‘Prata’ (syn. ‘Brazilian’, ‘Prata Ana’) 3                
Musa '2 Cachos' 3                
Musa acuminata ssp. microcarpa 3                
Musa acuminata ssp. zebrina syn. Musa zebrina 2-3                
Musa balbisiana 3                
Musa basjoo 'Sakhalin' 0-1                
Musa 'Caipira' (syn. 'Yangambi Km 5') 5                
Musa 'Carú Verde' 2-3                
Musa 'Do Meralinha' 4                
Musa 'FHIA-18' 3-4                
Musa 'Figo' 2-3                
Musa formosana 1-2                
Musa 'Garantida'  4-5                
Musa 'Japira' 4                
Musa 'Maçã' (syn. 'Maçã Gránda') 2-3                
Musa 'Maravilha' 3-4                
Musa 'Mysore' 1-2 (!!!)                
Musa 'Nanica' (syn. 'Nanicão') 2-3                
Musa ornata 2-3                
Musa 'Ouro' 3                
Musa 'Pacovan' (syn. 'Pacovão Oulifre') 4                
Musa 'Pacovan Ken' 5                
Musa 'Pelovana' 4                
Musa 'Prata de Canina' 4                
Musa 'Prata ve Lonina' 4                
Musa 'Prata Zulú' 2-3                
Musa 'Pratinha' (syn.'Dwarf Brazilian') 2-3                
Musa 'Preciosa' 4                
Musa 'São Tomé' 2                
Musa 'Sapo' 3                
Musa siamensis 'Thai Gold' 3                
Musa sikkimensis 'Manipur'  5                
Musa 'Thap Maeo' 4                
Musa 'Tropical' 5                
Musa 'Velhaca' 4                
Musa velutina 0-1(!!!!)                
Musa 'Vitoria' 5                
Nerium oleander  0                
Opuntia ficus-indica 0-1                
Passiflora edulis  0                
Persea americana 1                
Phoenix roebellini  1                
Plinia cauliflora  1-2                
Plinia jabuticaba  1-2                
Plumeria alba  2 x 2, 1 x 4          
Podranea ricasoliana  0                
Prunus persica  0                
Psidium cattleyanum 1                
Psidium gujava  1-2, 1 x 4                
Punica granatum  0                
Pyrus communis  0                
Ravenala madagascariensis 3-4                
Ricinus communis  2x5, 1x2-3                
Rollinia mucosa 1-2                
Rubus americanus  0                
Saccharum officinarium 1-2                
Salvia officinalis 0                
Spathodea campanulata  3                
Spondias dulcis  5                
Spondias purpurea  2                
Stevia rebaudiana  5                
Strelitzia nicolai  1                
Strelitzia reginae 0                
Syagrus romanzoffiana 0                
Syzgium cumini  1-3                
Syzgium jambos  1-3                
Tabebuia aurea 0                
Tabebuia impetiginosa  0                
Tamarindus indica  1-2                
Tecoma stans  1-2                
Terminalia catappa  4                
Thevetia peruviana  0-1                
Thuja orientalis  0                
Tibouchina sp.  2-3                
Vitis vinifera 0                





Created by Joachim Jaeck on Sept. 12th 2013.